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Ireland is often called the 'Emerald Isle'
because of its green scenery.

The geography of Ireland reflects its situation as an island in northwest Europe in the north Atlantic Ocean. The ocean is responsible for the rugged western coastline, along which are many islands, peninsulas and headlands. The main geographical feature of Ireland is low central plains surrounded by a ring of coastal mountains. There are a number of sizable lakes along Ireland's rivers, with Lough Neagh the largest in either Britain or Ireland. The island is bisected by the River Shannon, at 259 km (161 mi) with a 113 km (70 mi) estuary the longest river in either Britain or Ireland, which flows south from northwest County Cavan to meet the Atlantic just south of Limerick. The island of Ireland consists of the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Located west of the island of Britain, it is approximately 53° north of the equator and 8° west of the Greenwich meridian. It has a total area of 84,116 km˛ (32,477 mi˛). Ireland is separated from Britain by the Irish Sea and from mainland Europe by the Celtic Sea.



When most people think of rocks, they think of the hard gray or brown objects that range in size from pebble to boulder. Have you ever been startled when you heard someone say, "Look at that rock!" when they saw a diamond ring? What can something so beautiful have to do with the gravel in the alley?

The diamond, along with other beautiful stones, is classified as a gemstone. A gem or a gemstone is any mineral that can be cut and polished for jewelry or other decoration. The most precious gems are chosen for their beauty, rarity, and durability. Semi-precious gems usually have one or two of these characteristics, but fall short in some area. Fluorite, for instance, is very beautiful but it is too soft and will scratch easily. Diamonds are gemstones that are considered very precious, and for good reasons. The diamond is generally regarded as one of the most beautiful gemstones. It is relatively rare, because much diamond is not of jewelry quality. The average stone in an engagement ring is the product of the removal and processing of 200 to 400 million times its volume of rock. The diamond's strongest point, however, is its durability. It is the hardest substance found in nature, four times harder than the next hardest natural substance, corundum (Sapphire and Ruby). It also has the highest melting point, and conducts heat five times better than the second best element, silver. The diamond truly deserves the classification of "Precious Gemstone."

While most gemstones are minerals, there is a small class called "Organic Gemstones." These gems are "organic" because they are formed as either a product or a part of a living organism. They are prized for their beauty and rarity, but they are not as durable as inorganic (mineral) gemstones. The pearl is an excellent example of an organic gemstone. It is formed when an irritant, such as a small grain of sand, gets into an oyster's shell. The oyster (or other mollusk) reacts by gradually coating the irritant with layers of nacre. Nacre is the substance called "mother of pearl" that lines the inside of the oyster's shell. Natural pearls are very rare, but a system has been developed whereby an irritant is deliberately placed inside the oyster's shell, causing it to begin forming a pearl. Pearls derived in this manner are called "cultured pearls."

Noteworthy Scientist: Richard Kirwan (1733-1812)

Richard Kirwan was born in County Galway, Ireland, in 1733. He received much of his education in France and began studying at the University of Poitiers when he was seventeen. In 1754 he begin a Jesuit novitiate but returned to Ireland the next year when his older brother--the heir to the family estate--died. After joining the evangelical state church, he spent a few years in the field of law, after which he turned to science. While living for a while in London, Kirwan joined the Royal Society--a group of men who were interested in science--and wrote a number of scholarly papers and books. In 1784, he wrote Elements in Mineralogy, the first systematic work on mineralogy (the study, classification, and identification of minerals). Kirwan moved to Dublin in 1787, where he helped to found the Royal Irish Society. He became the Society's president in 1799, holding that position until the time of his death.

Kirwan made contributions to the fields of chemistry, mineralogy, and meteorology as well as wrote a book on logic. He also wrote a book supporting flood geology, the idea that most fossils were put in place by the biblical Flood.


The positive magical quality of crystals impressed themselves upon humankind far back in antiquity, for we find among Neanderthal remains dating back to 70,000 B.C. collections of quartz stones and stone balls made of quartz crystals. Pieces of crystal have also been found in megalithic cairns, and at New Grange in southern Ireland, tiny pebbles of white granite quartz cover the entire mound above the energy-chamber.

The Druids called certain colored crystal forms ovus anguinum or glein neidr - 'serpent eggs' - who believed were created by etheric serpents of energy beneath the earth and conjugated together at the time of the midsummer sunrise. Such stones, worn about the neck, had the power of projecting one's auric field to favorably influence the aura and mind of anyone else who came within range.

On the Isle of Skye near Ireland, is a chapel dedicated to St. Columbus, and on the altar is a round crystalline blue stone held sacred to weather and health. Local fishermen, to appease contrary winds, bathe this stone with water and claim good results. The stone has also been applied to peoples' sides to relieve cramps.

Cambridge Mineral Resources recently began drilling for precious gemstones in Ireland. They have already discovered tiny samples of rubies and sapphires, and diamond-bearing host rocks. They have been exploring for three years and have completed two extensive airborne magnetic surveys. The recent tests will determine whether the project is commercially viable. The drilling rig, operated by Irish Drilling Ltd., will take samples of core rock down to a depth of 100 meters. The material will then be sent to Canada for independent analysis.

The Claddagh Emerald Ring has more than just an emerald gemstone and premium craftsmanship. The claddagh ring has a rich tradition that dates back to over 300 years. It was first created in a small fishing village (named Claddagh) in Ireland. It symbolises three brilliant virtues namely, love, friendship and loyalty. The emerald gemstone has been known to mankind for many centuries and along with ruby, was the favourite gemstone of the kings and queens. The combination of this legendary jewel with a stunning gemstone, in this emerald Claddagh ring is truly sensational.

It is sometimes hard to understand how the Claddagh ring with a very humble beginning became so very popular even in countries far away from Ireland (where it originated). It is perhaps the slow but steady erosion of these virtues (love, friendship and loyalty) in today's society, that has lead to the growing popularity of the Irish Claddagh Ring. The ring is now worn across the globe and in almost every continent. Your Claddagh ring with emerald gemstone has a rich tradition that is today respected by people of all nationalities and religions.

The emerald gemstone is the May birthstone, it signifies success in love. This is the birthstone for the zodiac sign Taurus. As an anniversary gemstone, the emerald is worn for the 20th and 35th anniversary. If emerald is your birthstone, the Claddagh emerald ring has added significance for you.

The name of the Claddagh Ring comes from the name of a small fishing village in Ireland. This pretty village was supposed to be the place where the first claddagh ring was made. The ring was believed to have been made as a show of love and has today become a worldwide symbol of love and faith. The time was more than 300 years ago when slavery was rampant in many parts of the world. A young fisherman by the name of Robert Joyce set sail for the high seas, Robert was an inhabitant of the Claddagh village. On that fateful day, the boat in which he was sailing was attacked by pirates and all the captives sold as slaves. Robert Joyce was sold to a wealthy goldsmith and forced to learn the trade from his master. He never forgot his beloved who lived in the Claddagh village, to calm the sadness that filled his heart Robert started making a ring for his beloved. He finally completed the ring and fortunately tasted freedom again, as he was released from slavery. He returned to the Claddagh village and presented the ring to his beloved, the couple were soon married and lived happily ever after. The ring went on to become one of history's most treasured jewels and the meaning and significance of the Claddagh ring impressed everyone who heard about it.

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Irish Golden Healer Gemstones

"This mineral [Golden Healer] has been used to incite healing on all levels. It is an excellent stone to use in all healing situations and promotes the recognition of methods and techniques which will further recoveries from all disorders." Celtic quartz has been shown to include gold, silver and copper.

"This crystal is "THE" quartz crystal for energy generation...and for stimulating all portions of the physical, intellectual, emotional and subtle bodies. Natural generators and crystals polished in the configuration of generators have the same properties - they are truly powerful tools for the metaphysician."

"The Curved Quartz Crystal curvature is produced during the developmental stages of growth and is a rather rare occurrence. The structure of the curved crystal provides for a continuous (when in ones energy field) alignment of the physical meridians and the nervous system, and the alignment of the physical, emotional, mental, etheric, astral, etc., bodies, singularly and with one another."

"Rutilated quartz intensifies the power of the quartz crystal. It combines the qualities of quartz with those of rutile and sagenite. "Rutile, when found within another crystalline form, brings strength with love, ease in transition, growth in all avenues of ones development, calm, reason, and order. Rutile is used for healing and balancing the aura via repelling negative energy. It assists one in getting to the root of a problem.

"Sagenite is a "stone of wisdom". It helps one to be judicious in ones experiences and to gain insight into the inner being without being required to repeat onerous situations. It provides acute mental discernment and enhancement of the practical side of ones nature. It encourages deliberate action via the exquisite art of kindness. Removes "muddy" areas from the aura."

For those with psychic leanings, hold in the left hand to increase receiving and hold in the right hand to increase transmission, or hold it in both hands to optimize both. It can be worn on the body, over the third eye or held in the psychic's hands.

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Diopside/Enstatite: Clear, deep green. Deep healing and expansion of Heart center, love, commitment, trust humbleness, heart, lungs. A brown, green, or white stone found in Japan, Germany, Ireland, and the US. Diopside is found in similar colors and is mined in the USSR and India in addition to the countries already mentioned. These stones are mentioned together because they have identical properties. Clear, deep green. Deep healing and expansion of Heart center, love, commitment, trust humbleness, heart, lungs. Both benefit the circulatory system and cleansing organs. Mental clarity results from healing layouts that include Enstatite and/or Diopside. Diopside is recommended for public speakers, students, and surgeons.


The Triquetra – a three-pronged knot that may symbolize the Celtic idea that everything has three distinct but interdependent levels – physical, mental, and spiritual. After the Celts adopted Christianity they used this symbol to represent the Trinity.

One of the distinguishing aspects of their artwork was the complex interwoven strands that evolved into an Irish art known as Celtic Knotwork. Spirals also came to Ireland from the Minoan civilization and became part of the motif. Triple spirals and three lobed knots were used to signify the triple Goddess Brigid (maiden, mother, crone) and later the Christian Trinity.

A talisman produces extraordinary magical effects and protects its possessor. Talismans possess special powers to bring you good fortune, health, and extra courage.

Many Celtic legends refer to the birth of deities and heroic figures. The Celts believed that if they were born at the same time with them they would inherit supernatural powers. The Celts wore magical birth charms believing that they would help them to influence destiny and identify personal characteristics.


The Irish Catholic priest will have no hesitation telling you that the circle of the Celtic Cross is a symbol of eternity that emphasizes the endlessness of God’s love as shown through Christ’s sacrifice on the cross. That is unless he says the circle is a halo. He may go on to explain that the crucifixion is important not just as an event at a certain point in time but, as the circle symbolizes, as the unending mystery of how through the crucifixion and resurrection Christ continues to offer the hope of salvation to the faithful throughout all time.

At the pub when the subject comes up you might just as likely hear the explanation that the great stone Celtic Crosses were carved from the standing stones of the Druids and were originally phallic symbols, just carved into crosses to disguise their original purpose. No proof of this theory is offered and the in-your-face delivery of this information will probably intimidate you from asking for any. The barroom iconographer will swear on the graves of all his ancestors that it is true. With the rise of interest in the occult and pagan ideas in recent years you are likely to read New Age interpretations about how the cross in the circle is a symbol of the Sun that was worshipped by the Druids and that this symbol was appropriated by the Christians.

In Celtic regions of Ireland and Britain many free-standing upright crosses – or high crosses – were erected, beginning at least as early as the 7th Century. Some of these 'Celtic' crosses bear inscriptions in runes. There are surviving free-standing crosses in Cornwall and Wales, in the island of Iona and in the Hebrides, as well as the many in Ireland. Other stone crosses are found in Cumbria and the Scottish Borders, however some of these are of the similar Anglo-Saxon cross making tradition. The most famous standing crosses are the Cross of Kells, County Meath, and the crosses at Monasterboice, County Louth, Ireland, and the Cross of the Scriptures, Clonmacnoise, Ireland
There are numerous representation of crosses combined with a circle, even before Christianity. Often called "sun cross", they can be found in pagan North-West Europe (the symbol became the mark of the Norse god Odin) or in Pyrenees and in Hiberica Peninsula. But there is no evidence of a link or a common origin with the Christian cross.

It should be noted that the Old English word for "cross" is "rood". The word "cross" in English derives only indirectly from Latin crux, crucis, passing through the intermediary of Old Norse kross. Linguistically it is striking that the pagan Norse raiders ("Vikings") should have impressed their word for "cross" on the Christianized Anglo-Saxons.

In Ireland, it is a popular myth that the celtic cross was introduced to the island by Saint Patrick during his time converting the pagan Irish. It is believed that he combined the symbol of christianity, a cross, with the symbol of the sun, to give pagan followers an idea of the importance of the cross by linking it with the idea of a pagan sun-god.